Land Policy
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Income Tax Incentives

Beginning Farmer Tax Credit programs address issues of farmland access and transition simultaneously helping both beginning farmers and an aging generation of farmers planning for retirement or transitioning out of farming. States including Minnesota and Pennsylvania have implemented such tax credits for the sale or rental of farmland or assets (including land, livestock, buildings, and…

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BIPOC land access, Farm transition

Land Use Planning – State

By pursuing comprehensive, statewide and regional land use planning, states can limit development on agricultural soils and create legal and regulatory policies that support the success of young farmers and support the viability of regional foodsheds. Background The average age of U.S. farmers is approaching 60 years, and is increasing with every Census, meaning that…

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Planning for agriculture, Zoning

Land Use Planning – Local

No explanatory text New York Planning for Agriculture Grants: The Farmland Protection Planning Grants program provides municipalities and counties with grants to enhance farmland protection effots. Planning grants are available to municipalities (cities, towns, and villages) focusing on how to protect agricultural lands through municipal zoning, land use, and subdivision regulations. County planning grants are…

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Planning for agriculture, Zoning

Reduce Competition From Non-Agricultural Buyers – Anti-Corporate Farming Laws

The effects of farm policy have left our country vulnerable. Land, water, other natural resources, and labor have been consistently devalued throughout U.S. agricultural policy history, creating an unjust food system in which much of the work farmers do to enrich the land goes uncompensated. Corporate control and influence over agricultural operations and policy in…

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Farmland protection

Reduce Competition From Non-Agricultural Buyers – Working Farm Easements

Background Farmland is a highly desirable asset for more than just agriculture. As developers, investors, technology companies, and individuals looking for a rural residence all compete with farmers for acreage, the cost of land is steadily becoming disconnected from its value for agricultural production. This trend is strongest around urban areas, precisely where the most…

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Farmland protection

Improve Access to Credit through the Farm Service Agency (FSA)

In a 2017 survey conducted by the National Young Farmers Coalition, 15% of young farmer respondents reported using FSA farm ownership loans. Yet barriers in outreach, eligibility, and program execution still keep many young and BIPOC farmers an arms reach from the federal funds that help create viable land tenure. This is on a top…

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BIPOC land access, Cooperative land access, Farm Bill, Farm Service Agency, Financing & credit

Current Use Tax Valuation

Many states have different versions of “current use taxes”—property tax breaks for landowners of farmland that is kept in active production. These can be an important structure.

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Encourage Urban Agriculture

Urban agriculture is critically important, not only for food production but for community building, civic engagement, conservation, education, employment, and providing pathways to farming as well. Ensuring urban land remains available and accessible for farming will require policy change, investment in publicly-supported programs, increased technical and legal support, and zoning reform. Berkeley Edible Gardens:The Berkeley…

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Urban land access, Zoning

Zoning Reform

Any planning or zoning laws must keep farm viability when they are drafted. Zoning laws and easement language often (unintentionally) conflict with the ability of farms to operate. Zoning laws that place restrictions on infrastructure can limit a farmer’s ability to grow her business and build equity on her land. For this reason, the Land…

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Planning for agriculture, Zoning

Climate Resiliency – Land Banks

The climate crisis presents threats to our food system that will impact famers, consumers, and everyone in between. To meet this challenge requires a rethinking of agricultural land as public infrastrucuture and farmers as essential employees. Farmland protection, and the creation of local climate resiliency land banks, are central to preserving enough land for food…

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Climate, Farmland protection